In this article we’re going to be covering composting 101, or the basics of what it takes to get started with composting if you are completely new to the idea. If you’re reading about compost, chances are that you are an avid gardener and you’re looking to be efficient and environmentally friendly with your gardening efforts. Composting can help you to do both of those things.
To begin, what is composting? Compost is simply decomposed living, or organic material that has been processed naturally into a very rich type of soil. When a person sets out to actively compost, there are ways that you can speed up the process that normally would take longer if left up to nature alone.
There are a few different methods that one can use to get started with composting. You can choose among worm composting, backyard composting or using some type of bin or barrel for your composting efforts to name a few of the main varieties.
Worm composting is also called vermicomposting. This can be quite easy to maintain once you have your regular supply of red earthworms. You would set up your worm container and then basically feed your organic scraps to the worms which eat the waste and then produce a compost that is odorless. The worms will produce compost that is very rich in nutrients for your garden.
Backyard composting basically occurs when you start your own compost pile in the yard. The easiest way to begin with this is by using leaves, straw and grass. You will most likely not want to include organic food using this method as you won’t want your backyard pile to give off an odor that will be bothersome for your family or the neighbors.
Many people will choose to purchase some type of container to hold their compost. This might be a bigger compost tumbler or a type of compost bin. One of the easiest ways to get started is to build your own compost bin with a large tin can. Simply puncture the can at regular intervals throughout. Cut out the bottom of the can and wet the soil where you will be placing this compost bin. Place the tin can over the wet soil and then begin to place your organic scraps into the tin can. Over time your material will decay and then you will have compost.
Be aware that using the tin can compost bin method can be an issue when it comes to pests and small animals. They will most likely be drawn to the food scraps and for this reason, many people will invest in an enclosed compost bin or tumbler of some sort. The compost tumbler model has even become popular among people living in the city as it can be an easy and odorless way to enjoy the benefits of composting without having a big yard. Basically using a compost tumbler insures that all of your scraps and organic material is completely covered at all times. Tumblers also take up less space and actually result in faster decomposition.
Choose the system of composting that makes the most sense for you to be able to get started quickly and easily.